Last week, Intel officially launched their first Optane product, the SSD DC P4800X enterprise drive. This week, 3D XPoint memory comes to the client and consumer market in the form of the Intel Optane Memory product, a low-capacity M.2 NVMe SSD intended for use as a cache drive for systems using a mechanical hard drive for primary storage.

The Intel Optane Memory SSD uses one or two single-die packages of 3D XPoint non-volatile memory to provide capacities of 16GB or 32GB. The controller gets away with a much smaller package than most SSDs (especially PCIe SSD) since it only supports two PCIe 3.0 lanes and does not have an external DRAM interface. Because only two PCIe lanes are used by the drive, it is keyed to support M.2 type B and M slots. This keying is usually used for M.2 SATA SSDs while M.2 PCIe SSDs typically use only the M key position to support four PCIe lanes. The Optane Memory SSD will not function in a M.2 slot that provides only SATA connectivity. Contrary to some early leaks, the Optane Memory SSD uses the M.2 2280 card size instead of one of the shorter lengths. This makes for one of the least-crowded M.2 PCBs on the market even with all of the components on the top side.

The very low capacity of the Optane Memory drives limits their usability as traditional SSDs. Intel intends for the drive to be used with the caching capabilities of their Rapid Storage Technology drivers. Intel first introduced SSD caching with their Smart Response Technology in 2011. The basics of Optane Memory caching are mostly the same, but under the hood Intel has tweaked the caching algorithms to better suit 3D XPoint memory's performance and flexibility advantages over flash memory. Optane Memory caching is currently only supported on Windows 10 64-bit and only for the boot volume. Booting from a cached volume requires that the chipset's storage controller be in RAID mode rather than AHCI mode so that the cache drive will not be accessible as a standard NVMe drive and is instead remapped to only be accessible to Intel's drivers through the storage controller. This NVMe remapping feature was first added to the Skylake-generation 100-series chipsets, but boot firmware support will only be found on Kaby Lake-generation 200-series motherboards and Intel's drivers are expected to only permit Optane Memory caching with Kaby Lake processors.

Intel Optane Memory Specifications
Capacity 16 GB 32 GB
Form Factor M.2 2280 single-sided
Interface PCIe 3.0 x2 NVMe
Controller Intel unnamed
Memory 128Gb 20nm Intel 3D XPoint
Typical Read Latency 6 µs
Typical Write Latency 16 µs
Random Read (4 KB, QD4) 300k
Random Write (4 KB, QD4) 70k
Sequential Read (QD4) 1200 MB/s
Sequential Write (QD4) 280 MB/s
Endurance 100 GB/day
Power Consumption 3.5 W (active), 0.9-1.2 W (idle)
MSRP $44 $77
Release Date April 24

Intel has published some specifications for the Optane Memory drive's performance on its own. The performance specifications are the same for both capacities, suggesting that the controller has only a single channel interface to the 3D XPoint memory. The read performance is extremely good given the limitation of only one or two memory devices for the controller to work with, but the write throughput is quite limited. Read and write latency are very good thanks to the inherent performance advantage of 3D XPoint memory over flash. Endurance is rated at just 100GB of writes per day, for both 16GB and 32GB models. While this does correspond to 3-6 DWPD and is far higher than consumer-grade flash based SSDs, 3D XPoint memory was supposed to have vastly higher write endurance than flash and neither of the Optane products announced so far is specified for game-changing endurance. Power consumption is rated at 3.5W during active use, so heat shouldn't be a problem, but the idle power of 0.9-1.2W is a bit high for laptop use, especially given that there will also be a hard drive drawing power.

Intel's vision is for Optane Memory-equipped systems to offer a compelling performance advantage over hard drive-only systems for a price well below an all-flash configuration of equal capacity. The 16GB Optane Memory drive will retail for $44 while the 32GB version will be $77. As flash memory has declined in price over the years, it has gotten much easier to purchase SSDs that are large enough for ordinary use: 256GB-class SSDs start at around the same price as the 32GB Optane Memory drive, and 512GB-class drives are about the same as the combination of a 2TB hard drive and the 32GB Optane Memory. The Optane Memory products are squeezing into a relatively small niche for limited budgets that require a lot of storage and want the benefit of solid state performance without paying the full price of a boot SSD. Intel notes that Optane Memory caching can be used in front of hybrid drives and SATA SSDs, but the performance benefit will be smaller and these configurations are not expected to be common or cost effective.

The Optane Memory SSDs are now available for pre-order and are scheduled to ship on April 24. Pre-built systems equipped with Optane Memory should be available around the same time. Enthusiasts with large budgets will want to wait until later this year for Optane SSDs with sufficient capacity to use as primary storage. True DIMM-based 3D XPoint memory products are on the roadmap for next year.

Source: Intel

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  • jjj - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    This product is idiotic but the pricing is somewhat encouraging. If they launch proper SSDs, some folks will be able to afford them at 2$ per GB. Reply
  • Arbie - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    (I almost hate to bring this up as it appears to have been studiously avoided...)

    SemiAccurate has had a lot to say about this technology, and it's worth reading if you're interested in Optane. Demerjian does generally let his mouth run ahead of his brain, but it is a good brain.
    Reply
  • sharath.naik - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    This is kinda pointless isn't it?. Samsung provides for ram to be used as cache with their rapid storage interface. So what's special about this? Samsung's ram caching is free, will be faster as DRAM is still faster than optane. the only advantage is fail safety on power failure, so this is only usefull for desktops needing a bit of speed for short burst writes. But wait, you can buy a battery backup to you desktop that can shut down the system incase of power failure in a clean manner. It would cost only 50-100$.
    Hmmm.. ok I see no point to this. Get it cheap enough with high enough capacity to compete with SSD. else Samsung's rapid ram caching will simply outperform this.
    Reply
  • voicequal - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    Until your battery backup fails, which it will. It's not just power failures - if the system crashes, it may never be able to write the data in RAM to disk. DRAM is perfect for a read cache, but bad as a write cache if you care about your data. Reply
  • MrSpadge - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    The OS already using any "unused" DRAM as small write cache and large read cache. By increasing the fraction of write cache you take away from the read cache. Overall not that much of an improvement compared to adding storage. Reply
  • Meteor2 - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    I'd like to see this bench tested, because if it really can make a 2 TB HDD *feel* like a SSD for a much lower price, then I think that's really rather good. Reply
  • SmCaudata - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    I don't get it.
    The only market I can actually see for a product like this is for large companies where speed matters from a productivity standpoint. For instance, I'm in healthcare and I am constantly logging into different terminals throughout the day and launching and relaunching programs. Most users do the same things on these computers all day long. Something like this paired with a low cost HDD makes sense since the volume is so high.

    The extra $$ spent on this could be enough to jump from an HDD to an SSD. Most general computer users don't need many TB of storage and can get away with a modest SSD. I suppose OEM makers can market SSD speed with large storage to lure people in, but it's not practical.

    Enthusiasists will opt to spend a little extra on an NVME storage solution that uses 4 PCIE lanes anyway in addition to an array of HDD if they are running as a backup or media server.

    I really don't see the market for this.
    Reply
  • Bullwinkle J Moose - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    "The caching is only of the boot volume, not all drives."
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------
    How many Kaby-Lake Win 10 Laptops will be sold this year with 2TB X 5400RPM boot drives that can take advantage of this cache for less than 2% of your most used data?

    I thought this was the year for Boot SSD's on the majority of new Laptops?

    I can see how this cache might help 10-year old tech "IF" and only "IF" this tech could work on anything other than Kaby-Lake and Windows 10

    Are any of your readers planning on platter based "Boot" drives in their new Kaby Baby?
    Reply
  • Bullwinkle J Moose - Monday, March 27, 2017 - link

    What I meant was.....
    Are any of your readers planning on platter based "Boot" drives in their new "DESKTOP" Kaby?

    Anyone at all?

    How bout you Ryan?

    Sound like fun?
    Reply
  • Bullwinkle J Moose - Tuesday, March 28, 2017 - link

    Billy?

    Anyone?
    Reply

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